Marijuana Businesses Could Soon Be Listed On Stock Exchanges

State-legal marijuana businesses would be able to be listed on national stock exchanges and access key financial services under a bipartisan congressional bill that was filed on Thursday.

The Capital Lending and Investment for Marijuana Businesses (CLIMB) Act is being sponsored by Reps. Troy Carter (D-LA) and Guy Reschenthaler (R-PA).

While a main thrust of the legislation is to free up cannabis industry access to financial lending and investment opportunities, in part by providing protections for private financial institutions and government agencies that provide such services to traditional markets, one section stands out as especially novel.

It would provide safe harbor for national securities exchanges and market participants that “have listed, list, or intend to list, or permits the trading, or facilitates the offering, listing, or trading on a national securities exchange, of the securities of a cannabis-related legitimate business or a service provider.”

That’s a wordy way of saying that cannabis businesses would be permitted to list on major stock exchanges like Nasdaq and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). It would represent a boon for the burgeoning industry, legitimizing their presence on Wall Street.

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The Cannabis Connoisseur Strain Review Journal

The Evolutionary Origins Of Cannabis Sativa Discovered By Geneticists

WHETHER SMOKED, eaten, or merely smelled wafting in through an open window, cannabis enjoys a special kind of fame — it is used all over the world, it is instantly recognizable, and it provokes as much controversy as it does enthusiasm. This distinct spot in the human psyche is to do with the fact people have used the plant for thousands of years. Yet despite these ancient roots, we knew surprisingly little about its birthplace and evolution — then in July, scientists announced they had solved the mystery.

THE DISCOVERY — Research published in the journal Science Advances in July, 2021, traces the ancestry of Cannabis sativa. This is the species of the cannabis plant from which the most used strains stem — sativa, by the way, roughly translates as “cultivated.”

Beyond revealing the roots of cannabis, the study demonstrates that marijuana cultivation extends further back in human history than paleoanthropologists realized — to the birth of farming. Ironically, our avid cultivation of cannabis for our own use may have in turn driven pure, wild, ancient strains of cannabis to extinction.

Co-author Luca Fumagalli from the University of Lausanne’s Laboratory for Conservation Biology told Inverse at the time: Cannabis “is one of the first cultivated crop species.”

Cannabis leaves pattern in a watercolor style. Aquarelle wild flower for background, texture, wrappe...

HOW THEY DID IT — The researchers first amassed a dataset of 110 genomes from Cannabis sativa strains from across the world. Then, they used molecular analysis and advanced DNA sequencing to build phylogenetic trees for the strains.

These trees reveal how four genetically distinct groups of cannabis evolved over centuries — one of which had never been detected before in previous research.

  • Basal cannabis: This includes wild plants. But it also includes traditional cannabis hybrids known as “landraces,” which is a term used to denote a varietal that has been cultivated in a certain place and which has evolved specific adaptations to the environment it grows in.
  • Hemp cannabis: Hemp is a type of Cannabis sativa distinguished by its lower levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the psychoactive compound in weed. Hemp isn’t typically considered a drug like other forms of cannabis — rather, its fibers have traditionally been used to weave textiles and other materials.
  • “Drug” cannabis one: This group includes wild strains with psychoactive properties similar to varieties of cannabis found in China, India, and Pakistan.
  • “Drug” cannabis two: This group includes varieties that have been purposefully cultivated by humans around the globe for their psychoactive properties.

WHERE DID CANNABIS COME FROM?

These genetic groupings told scientists that domesticated cannabis originated in East Asia, including parts of modern China, sometime during the latter part of the Stone Age. This is the same period in human history in which dogs, sheep, goats, and other animals were also being domesticated as ancient human groups increasingly gathered in agriculture-fueled settlements.

From the results, it appears modern cannabis split from ancient basal cannabis about 12,000 years ago. The hemp and drug cannabis groups formed some 8,000 years later.

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Why Knowing The Difference Between Outdoor And Indoor Cannabis Matters

As someone who has cultivated indoor cannabis and harvested outdoor cannabis, I think knowing the difference between the two is critical.

”Cannabis is just cannabis,” well not exactly.

The natural method allows for the plant to grow and thrive without the harsh chemicals many indoor growers use.

Because you are manipulating the growth of a plant that has been outdoors for literally thousands of years, most indoor growers (dispensaries included) don’t have the patience, wherewithal, or knowledge of how to grow the plant without chemically-based nutrients, pesticides, and so on.

If you know an individual who grows cannabis sustainably, even if it costs more, please continue to support them.

The Difference Between Indoor- and Outdoor-Grown Weed (and Why It Matters)

From Article:

Indoor Growing Is About Control

First, it’s important to point out that cannabis can’t be grown outdoors just anywhere. In a weed-heavy state like California, the moist north, with its forests and gullies, is quite hospitable to an outdoor cannabis growing season, while its arid south is a hub of indoor cultivation.

Robert Masterson, a cultivator at A Golden State, told us that standardized methodology is their motivation for growing indoors. “Cannabis grown indoors can be given the perfect amount of light per square foot and unique spectrums of different lighting sources to maximize terpenes and potency,” he said. “Not all indoor cultivators can completely control their environment, but when done correctly they can achieve the highest genetic potential of specific cultivars.“

This means that by using data and technology, cultivators can fine-tune every element of the process for each strain in pursuit of the holy trinity: higher yields, higher potency, and bespoke sensory qualities. For some consumers, this is precisely the type of cannabis experience they are seeking.

While myths about “today’s” THC contents being higher than ever have been circulating since the mid-2010’s, that push has been consumer-driven, not tech-driven. In 2015 The Atlantic reported the “shift toward high potency has arguably more to do with contemporary market forces than with a younger generation of marijuana enthusiasts.”

Flavor and strong THC content are not only driven by indoor cultivation but they are ensured by more consistent growing conditions. As Masterson told us, however, “not all indoor cannabis is grown equally. Make sure you choose a brand that truly understands what they are doing. It costs more to produce cannabis in a controlled environment. Prices at a retail store generally reflect that.”

Outdoor Can Be Quality Too

The corporatization of cannabis costs the ecosystem a lot, regardless of the cultivation method. While growers like A Golden State and Wonderbrett put effort into sourcing sustainable utilities and lowering their impact, while many indoor growers just use as much plastic, electricity, water, fertilizer and resources as they think they need to get the highest yields and THC possible.

That’s why Raeven Duckett Robinson, Co-founder of Community Gardens in Oakland, California is on #teamoutdoor. “It’s like [the] Twizzler versus Red Vine debate. I support outdoor because it’s more affordable—and weed should be grown outdoors anyways; indoor gets over-hyped and it’s bad for the environment.”

She told us, “based on the regulations and the way we need to package, keep records and receipts for a legal cannabis operation, there’s a lot of waste created, especially in terms of packaging. The amount of energy indoor wastes unnecessarily adds to the environmental footprint of the entire industry. The amount of energy it takes to grow the plant [indoors] is significant, and I believe it’s inefficient and unnecessary because they can grow outside with light from the sun.”

Sam Ludwig is in alignment with Robinson’s thinking—that nature makes the best weed. “Indoor products will always look sexier with a denser structure and more visible trichomes on the exterior but indoor typically provides a shallow high and reduced medicinal properties,” he said. “The plant has been growing in nature under the sun, moon and stars for millennia, not indoors in a windowless room [lit by] LEDs.”

Along with Aster Farms CEO Julia Jacobson, Ludwig’s wife and resident dirt scholar, they designed an outdoor operation a little differently: “At Aster we grow in-ground in live soil filled with bugs, fungi, and bacteria breaking down organic matter to feed the plants. We feed the soil because the soil feeds the plants. It’s just a different approach from top to bottom, and we believe it produces a superior product with superior effects.”

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Article Compilation By K. Crystal Carter

K. Crystal Carter is a cryptocurrency and blockchain enthusiast who is originally from Oakland, California. She has 7.5 years of experience in the financial industry, and 6 years of being a cannabis hydroponics grow director and cannabis advocate at local City Hall meetings. She currently resides in Las Vegas as one of the lead Earthy Realist team members.


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I ❤️ Cannabis Notebook – A Great Gift For Consumers & Growers

Cannabis notebook to keep all of your high ideas alive. The perfect notebook for plant lovers. Use as a daily writing journal. If you are a grower it’s the perfect place for your gardening notes.

  • Cannabis Theme
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CBD Vegan Capsules For Sleep: Medically Reviewed

Perfect just before bed, introducing vegan Night Capsules put your mind and body at ease, making sleep not only easier but longer and more restful. Blending highly-effective cannabinoids like broad spectrum CBD, CBN, sleep-enhancing botanicals, and a specialized mix of calming terpenes for a solid night’s rest.

“Combining CBD with valerian root and GABA, which have all been shown to help promote more restful sleep, is a great idea for a sleep product. The brightly colored purple box helps distinguish this product for nighttime use. The use of CBN in addition to the CBD to help promote relaxation is very effective, as well. I found that this product helps me fall asleep faster and sleep more soundly. The effects were felt after around 30 minutes, and I did not notice any grogginess the next morning. I even had my mother-in-law try it when she came to stay with us and she said she slept better away from home using this product than she ever had. This is even something that I could see using occasionally to help induce sleep/relaxation, especially if I was feeling stressed.

This product could be your answer to a better night’s sleep!”

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